hottest month ever, consultants say

34 hottest month ever, consultants say

A number of international meteorological companies had predicted that temperatures in the course of the month would exceed the earlier document

July was the most well liked month in recorded historical past, the European meteorological authority Copernicus reported on Tuesday. This yr has been the third-hottest on document so far, the climate consultants stated, suggesting 2023 has an opportunity of beating 2016 as the most well liked yr in recorded historical past. 

“These data have dire penalties for each folks and the planet uncovered to ever extra frequent and intense excessive occasions,” Copernicus Deputy Director Samantha Burgess instructed the Monetary Instances on Tuesday.  

The month’s international common temperature of 16.95 levels Celsius (62.51 levels Fahrenheit) was about 0.3 levels C (0.6 levels F) hotter than July 2019, the earlier document holder based on Copernicus, and 0.7 levels C (1.3 levels F) hotter than the typical July from 1991 to 2020.   

The announcement confirmed predictions made by the EU physique and in addition by the World Meteorological Group final month that this July’s temperatures would considerably exceed the present document. The 2 teams claimed the primary three weeks of July constituted the warmest three-week interval ever recorded globally, with July 6 being the only hottest day. 

Moreover, international common sea floor temperatures hit a document excessive in July, Copernicus reported, noting that the oceans had been half a level C (0.9 levels F) hotter than the earlier 30 years, whereas Antarctic sea ice cowl was measured at lower than any earlier July on document, 15% under the typical for this time of yr. 

July’s common temperature was 1.5 levels C (2.7 levels F) hotter than the pre-industrial period, a determine local weather scientists have seized upon due to the Paris Local weather Settlement objective of limiting long-term international warming to 1.5 levels. 

Whereas Copernicus had designated July 2019 because the earlier record-holder, the Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Group (NOAA) discovered July 2021’s common mixed land and ocean-surface temperature to be the most well liked on document, 0.93 levels Celsius greater than the twentieth century common and breaking data set in July 2016, 2019 and 2020. Copernicus’ figures for July outstrip the NOAA’s for 2021, although that group has not made any bulletins as of Tuesday. 

Copernicus’ temperature data solely return to 1940, and the NOAA’s solely date again to 1850, which limits local weather consultants’ capability to contextualize modern-day warmth waves. That has not stopped some consultants, akin to Potsdam Institute for Local weather Analysis scientist Stefan Rahmstorf, from telling HuffPost that July was really “the warmest month on Earth in ten thousand years” and even 120,000 years, citing research that look at markers like tree rings.

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