Amin Nash’s earliest childhood reminiscence of Anaheim, California, was gripping his grandmother’s hand as they walked into Altayebat Market on Brookhurst Road. His grandmother, who had been visiting from Iraq, couldn’t converse English. However at Altayebat, she might converse freely in her mom tongue, Arabic.
“That is for you, it’s only a reminder to you, you aren’t too removed from residence,” Nash recalled the proprietor of Altayebat telling his grandmother as he handed her a prayer rug.
Altayebat Market, which first opened within the Eighties, has lengthy been greater than a grocery retailer specializing in halal meats and Center Japanese meals; it has additionally acted as a neighborhood area for the rising variety of Arab Individuals in Anaheim. New immigrants from Egypt, Syria, Palestine and Lebanon – lots of whom had been drawn to the big mosque close by – settled within the areas across the market and remodeled the neighborhood into what turned generally known as “Little Arabia”, the place storefronts promote hookah; Arabic meals objects resembling manakeesh, knafeh, shawarma; and conventional clothes like abayas. The realm is now thought-about one of many largest Arab American neighborhoods within the US.
Nash, an Iraqi American who was raised in Las Vegas, grew up visiting household in Anaheim, the southern California metropolis finest identified for being the house of Disneyland. He later moved to the realm, and now, as a fellow on the Anaheim-based non-profit Arab American Civic Council, helped push for Little Arabia’s official recognition. Final month, following greater than 20 years of neighborhood advocacy, the Anaheim metropolis council formally designated a bit of town as Little Arabia, making it the primary formally acknowledged Arab American enclave within the US.
“Which means that this neighborhood is welcome right here. It’s a secure place for the neighborhood,” stated Rashad Al-Dabbagh, founder and govt director of the Arab American Civic Council. “It builds the arrogance for this neighborhood. We constructed this; we made this occur.”
As a part of the official recognition, an indication marking Little Arabia will probably be put up on Interstate 5, and town council has plans to fee an in-depth examine of the companies and inhabitants of the neighborhood. However for a lot of residents and enterprise house owners, the designation means one thing deeper.
“With the designation, you are feeling such as you’re a part of America, your neighborhood is represented,” stated Nizar Milbes, a neighborhood activist and longtime advocate for recognition. Milbes stated he moved between Palestine and the US rising up, and remembered questioning “who we’re, will we belong right here”. However in Little Arabia, significantly within the hookah cafes, he stated he discovered neighborhood amongst individuals who regarded like him and spoke the identical language as him.
The origins of Little Arabia’s official designation hint again to the late Nineties, when Ahmad Alam, an area property developer, first envisioned an Arab City in Anaheim. He organized the annual Arab American Day Competition and inspired Arab American enterprise house owners to arrange store in Anaheim. After 9/11, the celebrations ended, and residents and enterprise house owners of Arab City, like different Arab Individuals throughout the US, confronted Islamophobia and discrimination, and the neighborhood was usually derogatorily referred to as the Gaza Strip. The neighborhood finally embraced the title, calling itself Little Gaza, however years later, after talks with native companies and residents, determined to alter the title once more to Little Arabia, which they felt was extra inclusive of the range of ethnic backgrounds there.
From there, the marketing campaign for designation took off, and regardless of dealing with some political opposition and funding challenges over time, prevailed with town council’s 23 August vote. Little Arabia is now the third formally acknowledged ethnic enclave in Orange county – the place Anaheim is – after Little Saigon in 1988 and Koreatown in 2019.
Hussam Ayloush, govt director of the Los Angeles chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, witnessed town council’s vote to approve the signal marking Little Arabia on the freeway. “It’s not nearly an indication in Arabic,” he stated, “it symbolizes what the neighborhood went by way of to develop into a neighborhood.”
The celebration of America’s variety makes it more durable for “the racists to push their bigotry and bias”, he stated.
Ayloush, who immigrated from Lebanon to the US in 1989, stated that Little Arabia presents a way of neighborhood, solidarity and safety. This recognition by town council, he stated, formalizes how Arab Individuals and Muslim Individuals really feel about Little Arabia, significantly at a time when internalized Islamophobia has elevated amongst Muslims.
Little Arabia can be a spot the place the neighborhood has gathered over time to protest towards the Iraq struggle and bombings in Gaza, Ayloush stated, and “the place the neighborhood bought to have a good time its pleasure” throughout non secular holidays and different festivals.
For Salaam Sbini, a social influence marketing consultant, these protests in Little Arabia make up a few of her earliest recollections of Anaheim, the place she stated she had her first political awakening as an eight-year-old in 2003. Sbini’s dad and mom settled in Anaheim after emigrating from Syria, and having grown up there’s a supply of immense satisfaction.
Arab Individuals there “simply have a distinct kind of consciousness in terms of political activism”, she stated.
Official recognition is much more vital to the neighborhood, Sbini stated, since some members of the Arab American diaspora can not return to their residence nations.
Mahmud Salem immigrated to the US in 1978, first settling in Detroit, Michigan, then in southern California. He stated the primary cause he moved to Anaheim was the neighborhood, and his want for his youngsters to develop up talking Arabic and going to the mosque. Salem opened Sahara Falafel, Anaheim’s first shawarma and falafel restaurant in 1996.
“I used to be actually busy. It was continuous,” he recalled. “Sahara Falafel, Sahara Falafel, folks would say it and are available from throughout, San Diego, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Manhattan, Torrance. You title it, all people got here as a result of I used to be the primary.”
On the identical block as Salem’s 26-year-old eatery is Al-Amira jewellery retailer, which opened in February. House owners Odah Awad and Awad Abdelhamid say it’s the one store within the space that sells Arabian-style 21-karat gold trinkets, and that they hope the official recognition will deliver in additional traders from the Center East.
In the meantime, Radwan Soueidan, 24, hopes the official designation will appeal to different kids like himself. Soueidan spent his early life taking part in soccer outdoors his dad’s eatery, Al Amir Bakery. He recalled folks staying up till two or three within the morning, smoking hookah on folding chairs that they dropped at the bakery. Within the Center East and north Africa, folks keep up late at espresso retailers and hookah lounges, taking part in playing cards, smoking shisha and chatting. Little Arabia, Soueidan stated, was identical to that.
Al Amir nonetheless sees massive crowds throughout Ramadan, the Islamic holy month, when the cafe stays open late, serving flatbreads generally known as manakeesh topped with melted cheese and a spice combine referred to as za’atar, and pastries generally known as fatayer stuffed with spinach.
These meals would deliver Johanna Mustafa and her household to Little Arabia after they emigrated from Jordan. “I consider it as a sanctuary, not just for new immigrants but in addition people who find themselves simply shifting to southern California basically,” stated Mustafa, an Inland Empire resident. “The Arab American and even Muslim American neighborhood who lives in southern California, of us from the Inland Empire to Orange county or even when they’re visiting from the Bay Space, everybody goes to Little Arabia.”
They go there, like Nash’s grandmother, for a chunk of residence, to belong.