Salman Rushdie, the writer with a $3 million bounty on his head for his 1988 e book “The Satanic Verses,” as soon as had a fatwa issued in opposition to him earlier than he was stabbed within the neck by a masked assailant on Friday.
The 75-year-old Indian-born writer was slated to speak on the Chautauqua Establishment in Upstate New York, about 75 miles south of Buffalo, when a lone attacker stormed the stage and stabbed him shortly after he was launched round 11 a.m., police mentioned.
The attacker’s motive wasn’t instantly clear however Rushdie has been receiving demise threats because the late Eighties after he revealed “The Satanic Verses,” a controversial fantasy novel that some Muslims thought-about to be blasphemous over its references to Islam.
Quickly after Rushdie revealed the novel, Ayatollah Khomeini, then the Supreme Chief of Iran, issued a fatwa, or edict, in opposition to the writer calling for his demise in February 1989.
The novel, which facilities round two protagonists who survived a aircraft crash after it was hijacked by two Sikh terrorists, describes a dream had by one of many characters that’s thought-about to be a revisionist historical past of how Islam was based, in response to Britannica.
The references in that part of the e book, which embrace a fictional model of Muhammad, angered Khomeini, who introduced the fatwa on Iranian radio and known as for Rushdie “to be killed directly, in order that nobody will dare insult the sacred beliefs of Muslims henceforth.”
Following the edict, Rushdie went into hiding and commenced utilizing the pseudonym Joseph Anton. He was positioned underneath safety by the British Authorities who stored an armed safety guard across the scribe from 1989 till 2002, two years after he moved to the Huge Apple the place’s principally lived near Union Sq..
The Iranian authorities later lifted the fatwa however during the last decade, the 15 Khordad Basis, a semi-religious group based mostly in Iran, positioned a $3 million bounty on his head.
Rushdie has written greater than a dozen books since 1981, when he first rose to fame after publishing his Booker Prize successful tome “Midnight’s Youngsters.”
Whereas a lot of Rushdie’s books have magical or surrealist themes, he has additionally revealed 4 non-fiction works, together with a memoir and a e book of essays.
His most not too long ago revealed e book, “Quichotte,” got here out in 2019 and facilities round a television-obsessed salesman who falls in love with a tv star. He’s because of launch one more novel, “Victory Metropolis,” in 2023.
Rushdie’s work has garnered a collection of awards and honors through the years, together with the Whitbread Prize for Finest Novel, which he’s received twice, and the James Tait Black Prize.
He’s an honorary professor in Humanities at MIT and holds honorary doctorates and fellowships at six European and 6 American universities.
Married 4 instances, the 75-year-old has gotten a popularity whereas in hiding for being a women man relationship younger ladies — and even appeared in an episode of Larry David’s “Curb Your Enthusiasm’ about women who wished to have “fatwa intercourse” with him.
Within the episode, which is fiction, David had a fatwa positioned in opposition to him after making enjoyable of the Ayatollah and Rushdie supplied him some recommendation on methods to deal with it – and defined a number of the advantages, together with how ladies discovered males with fatwas over them irresistible.
Of Rushdie’s 4 wives, three married him whereas the fatwa was nonetheless looming over his life.
After his marriage to his first spouse Clarissa Luard fell aside in 1987, he married American novelist Marianne Wiggins the next 12 months, solely to divorce whereas Rushdie was nonetheless in hiding in 1993.
In 1997, he linked up with Elizabeth West and in 2004, he married Padma Lakshmi, an Indian-American mannequin, actress and the host of the fact present “Prime Chef.”
Like all of Rushdie’s earlier marriages, the love didn’t final lengthy and the 2 cut up in 2007.
In 2016, Lakshmi opened up about her marriage with Rushdie in an interview with Folks whereas selling her memoir “Love, Loss and What We Ate.”
“Think about a younger lady in her twenties, who loves books and who had revealed her little cookbook and in comes this man,” she instructed the shiny.
“I imply, he was the very best factor that ever occurred to me by a mile. The truth that anyone of that stature and caliber was even remotely sufficient in me to need to take me to lunch was sort of unbelievable.”
Lakshmi mentioned the spark light when she began to grow to be extra well-known and couldn’t spend as a lot time with Rushdie, and likewise couldn’t have intercourse with him due to her endometriois situation.
“I believe that Salman took it personally, and I believe that he felt rejected,” Lakshmi mentioned.
All through his marriages and divorces, information of Rushdie’s many gal friends have been a mainstay on gossip columns. Most not too long ago, he was linked to Rachel Eliza Griffiths, a poet and artist some 30 years his junior.
With Submit Wires