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Case investigation is the identification and investigation of sufferers with confirmed and possible diagnoses of COVID-19, and get in touch with tracing is the following identification, monitoring, and assist of their contacts who’ve been uncovered to, and probably contaminated with, the virus. Immediate identification, voluntary quarantine (hereinafter known as self-quarantine on this doc except in any other case famous), and monitoring of those COVID-19 contacts can successfully break the chain of illness transmission and forestall additional unfold of the virus in a neighborhood. Whereas case investigation and get in touch with tracing for COVID-19 could also be new, well being departments and frontline public well being professionals who carry out these actions have expertise conducting these actions for tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections, HIV, and different infectious illnesses. Case investigation and get in touch with tracing are well-honed expertise that adapt simply to new public well being calls for and are efficient instruments to sluggish the unfold of COVID-19 in a neighborhood.

This steerage goals to offer a basis for state, territorial, native, and tribal improvement of case investigation and get in touch with tracing plans. You will need to notice that COVID-19 case investigation and get in touch with tracing actions will fluctuate based mostly on the extent of neighborhood transmission, traits of the neighborhood and their populations, and the native capability to implement case investigation, contact tracing, and COVID-19 testing.

*Investigation on this context refers to a public well being/infectious illness investigation and will under no circumstances be interpreted as a prison investigation.

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