Digital instruments and knowledge
What varieties of digital instruments are used for contact tracing?
There are two varieties of digital instruments that well being departments can use pdf icon[PDF – 2 pages] to assist with contact tracing: case administration instruments and proximity tracing/publicity notification instruments.
- Case administration instruments may help make the contact tracing course of quicker and extra environment friendly. These instruments assist well being departments handle info they obtain from individuals who have been recognized with COVID-19 (instances) and individuals who they have been round (contacts). Many case administration instruments have options that mechanically ship essential info to recipients. These options can embrace textual content messaging and emails to assist people monitor their signs every day. They will additionally assist well being departments prioritize their work to have the best affect on slowing the unfold of COVID-19. Case administration instruments can be utilized to enhance and streamline conventional contact tracing strategies, together with telephone calls.
- Proximity tracing/publicity notification instruments may help well being departments let an individual know that they might have been uncovered to COVID-19 quicker than conventional contact tracing practices. Proximity tracing/publicity notification instruments are voluntary smartphone apps that an individual can select to take part in by downloading the app to their mobile phone. If an individual chooses to obtain the app, it makes use of present info from their mobile phone concerning the consumer’s location (e.g., Bluetooth or World Positioning System (GPS)). The software alerts the consumer if they’ve been in the identical space as an individual who has been recognized with COVID-19 and should have been uncovered to COVID-19. Then the app might ask customers in the event that they wish to take part of their native well being division’s follow-up and symptom monitoring course of. Some of these instruments could also be developed in collaboration with, or are endorsed by, state and native well being departments. These apps might bear rigorous testing to find out their trustworthiness, safety, and skill to guard people’ privateness. For extra info, please contact your state or native well being division.
Will there be a “nationwide app” for contact tracing?
No, there is not going to be a nationwide app for contact tracing. There are various choices obtainable now, and it’s as much as every state and particular person to determine which instruments greatest match their wants.
Is private well being info collected by the well being division’s case administration software safe?
Sure, whereas the safety and privateness safety strategies are depending on the well being division’s laws and implementation, CDC recommends that info collected by the well being division’s case administration instruments for COVID-19 be safe and saved with the well being division. These instruments assist well being departments shortly accumulate and analyze details about COVID-19. Case administration instruments are below the identical legal guidelines and laws for all delicate well being info use (e.g. HIPAA). A person should present consent for his or her well being division to gather info utilizing a case administration software. Public well being departments ought to comply with the principles and practices for managing private well being info and limiting entry to delicate info. For extra info on privateness and safety pointers, go to CDC’s Pointers for the Implementation and Use of Digital Instruments to Increase Conventional Contact Tracing pdf icon[PDF – 7 pages].
Are individuals required to obtain an software, “app,” to present info for contact tracing for COVID-19?
No, people are usually not required to obtain an app to present info for contact tracing for COVID-19. Well being departments generally use case administration instruments to make the contact tracing course of extra environment friendly. Some of these instruments are usually not downloaded on private cell telephones. Case administration instruments can be utilized to enhance and streamline conventional contact tracing strategies, together with telephone calls.
It’s as much as the person to determine if she or he downloads a proximity tracing/publicity notification app for COVID-19.
Which states use digital instruments for contact tracing?
Case administration instruments: Virtually all states have applied utilizing a case administration software to assist make the contact tracing course of extra environment friendly, together with for monitoring the well being of sufferers and contacts. These instruments might embrace automated textual content, electronic mail, or telephone notifications, reminders, or surveys.
Proximity tracing/publicity notification instruments: As of July 2020, publicity notification instruments are usually not extensively used to assist with contact tracing in the US. A number of states are starting to make use of these apps in pilot initiatives to see how efficient they’re in serving to with contact tracing. At first of August, Virginia turned the primary state to launch an Publicity Notification Software utilizing the Apple|Google Publicity Notification Frameworkexterior icon. Go to VA’s COVIDWISEexterior icon web site for extra info. COVID Alert NJexterior icon is New Jersey’s free and safe cellular app that anonymously alerts customers if they’ve been in shut contact with somebody who has examined optimistic for COVID-19.
Go to CDC’s web site to be taught extra about utilizing digital instruments for contact tracing pdf icon[PDF – 2 pages].
What’s CDC doing with digital instruments to assist contact tracing?
CDC continues to supply steering and technical help to state, territorial, native, and tribal well being departments in selecting which digital software can be only to make use of for COVID-19 contact tracing.
CDC works with companions to review how efficient and helpful the varieties of digital instruments are in numerous settings to develop extra steering for COVID-19 contact tracing.
Go to CDC’s web site for extra info on CDC’s Contact Tracing Sources.