The ASA discovered that the automotive adverts referring to Hyundai’s Ioniq 5 and Toyota’s bZ4X had been ‘deceptive’, as a consequence of many variables and limitations at play, particularly when it got here to the supply of the quickest EV chargers.
However what are the various kinds of public EV chargers within the UK, how lengthy are you able to count on a typical EV to cost with every and what’s the availability of every sort of charger like? Right here we clarify.
AC sluggish charging – speeds as much as 6kW
There are two fundamental sorts of EV charger – various present (AC) and direct present (DC). The primary is used for slower charging, with the latter adopted for faster speeds.
If you happen to’re in no rush, what’s classed as a ‘sluggish charger’ is the most effective guess. These are rated at speeds as much as 6kW, and are perfect for if a automotive is parked up for an prolonged time period. They’re sometimes present in on-street chargers, together with these in lamp posts.
Let’s use Hyundai’s Ioniq 5 for instance. When geared up with the smaller 58kWh battery (a mean dimension for an EV’s battery), it will take 16 hours to finish a cost.
‘Gradual’ models are the second hottest sort of charger within the UK. In response to knowledge from Zap-Map, one of many main EV charging navigation companies, as of the tip of Could 2023, there have been 10,699 sluggish chargers throughout Britain.
AC quick chargers – 7kW to 22kW
The most well-liked sort of charger within the UK is what’s often known as a ‘quick charger’. Rated between 7kW and 22kW, the smaller quantity is the most typical sort. These are sometimes present in locations the place vehicles are normally stopped for a number of hours, equivalent to in purchasing centre and office automotive parks.
The 7kW output is the everyday output of a particular residence EV charger, and with the Ioniq 5, it will take 9 hours for a full cost. If you happen to hooked as much as a faster 22kW charger, the time is lowered to 6 hours.
In response to Zap-Map knowledge, there are 24,443 quick charging factors at present within the UK.
DC Speedy charger – 25kW to 99kW
If you happen to’re seeking to pace issues up a notch, it’s price looking for what’s often known as a ‘fast charger’. These are rated between 25kW and 99kW, although 50kW is the most typical output. Usually discovered within the automotive parks of supermarkets and quick meals retailers, it will take round 45 minutes to cost the Ioniq 5’s 58kWh battery, in line with Hyundai’s knowledge, with one in all these models. .
As of Could 2023, there have been 5,182 fast electrical automotive charging factors situated throughout the UK.
DC Extremely-rapid charger – 100kW +
If you happen to’re seeking to high up an EV’s battery as rapidly as potential, it’s an ultra-rapid charger which can be the one to seek out. These are rated from 100kW upwards. They’re sometimes discovered at motorway service stations, although particular EV hubs at the moment are being arrange with banks of those faster models. Most Porsche sellers even have 350kW models, which can be found to make use of by the general public.
It’s price noting that each EV may have a most charging pace, with some older electrical vehicles – or these with a smaller battery – having a most charging pace of 50kW, that means there’s not quite a lot of level in utilizing an ultra-rapid charger over a regular ‘fast’ because it received’t cost it any faster.
However the Ioniq 5 is a type of that may cost at as much as 350kW, nonetheless, that means that in supreme situations, it may take simply 18 minutes to cost the battery to 80 per cent capability. The difficulty, nonetheless, because the ASA identified, is that there’s restricted availability of 350kW models.
Whereas, in line with Zap-Map knowledge, there are 3,302 ultra-rapid chargers throughout the UK, there are solely round 70 particular person areas throughout the entire of the UK which have 350kW chargers. The entire of Scotland, for instance, has simply six locations that may ship such charging speeds, whereas there are solely three in Wales, and all of them are situated within the south.