Republicans and Democrats could have extra frequent floor than it appears, a brand new survey finds.
Our survey – carried out in August and September in partnership with the Chicago Council on International Affairs and the College of Texas at Austin – requested greater than 800 authorities officers, congressional staffers, researchers, journalists and advocates to evaluate the chance of unified American efforts to handle important worldwide challenges by 2022. They recognized a number of international coverage points the place constructing bipartisan insurance policies was “extra doubtless than not.”
Bipartisanship was one of many central messages of President-elect Joe Biden’s marketing campaign.
Our analysis didn’t assess the potential for unified motion on home points, which many specialists see as exceedingly unlikely. But it surely discovered 4 international coverage points the place Democrats and Republicans would possibly come collectively.
Behind the toxic partisanship on show in Washington, Democrats and Republicans principally agree on U.S.-China coverage.
In the course of the Trump administration, Congress acted in a bipartisan method to sanction China for persecuting the Uighurs, a Muslim ethnic minority, and for repressing pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong.
Democrats and Republicans additionally agreed that the US wanted to overtake the way it funds abroad improvement to compete with China, which has earned goodwill from Africa to Latin America by constructing roads, dams and different important infrastructure.
Greater than 9 out of 10 international coverage officers and specialists we surveyed thought it at the least considerably doubtless that the U.S. will make a significant effort through the subsequent two years to counter the persevering with rise of China. Amongst those that anticipate such an effort, 87% suppose it’s extra doubtless than to not be bipartisan.
2. Pandemic preparedness
Regardless of the extreme politicization of COVID-19, bipartisanship is inside attain on future world well being challenges, our research reveals.
Six out of seven international coverage professionals anticipate an enormous push inside the subsequent two years to organize for an additional world pandemic. Of these, 78% suppose it is going to appeal to assist from either side of the aisle.
A substantial hole separates the 2 events on the popular stability between defending public well being and sustaining regular financial exercise through the coronavirus pandemic. However the events have labored collectively prior to now to scale back the worldwide unfold of HIV/AIDS and to spend money on the improvement of coronavirus vaccines.
Cooperation is possible, too, to guard People’ digital info from abroad adversaries.
After quite a few state-sponsored assaults on U.S. pc networks by nations together with China, North Korea, Russia and Iran, Congress is near approving bipartisan laws to determine a White Home cybersecurity czar.
By 2022, greater than three-quarters of officers and specialists predict Democrats and Republicans may have come collectively on different main steps to guard the US in opposition to worldwide cyberattacks.
Commerce is one other coverage space Democrats and Republicans could rally round, in response to our analysis.
It received’t be simple to undo Trump’s “America First” coverage, which imposed tariffs on key imports like metal and closed off international markets to American producers. However 65% of these anticipating a significant effort by 2022 to broaden worldwide commerce anticipate that it is going to be bipartisan.
There may be precedent for such collaboration. Trump’s United States-Mexico-Canada commerce settlement was handed with bipartisan approval earlier this yr.
Going alone on local weather
People as we speak are extra polarized than at any time because the Civil Struggle, and Congress is bitterly divided.
However historical past reveals international coverage can rise above the partisan fray. And dozens of Republican former nationwide safety officers endorsed Biden’s candidacy as a result of they had been “profoundly involved concerning the nation’s safety and standing on the planet below Donald Trump.”
Biden’s nominations of international coverage officers who’re extremely regarded throughout the aisle, corresponding to Anthony Blinken for secretary of state, lay the groundwork for bipartisan motion.
Nonetheless, our survey recognized one main concern the place specialists consider Biden will battle to achieve Republican assist: the worldwide local weather disaster.
Six of 10 People see local weather change as a important menace, and Biden signaled the significance of the problem by naming former Secretary of State John Kerry his local weather envoy, a brand new Cupboard-level place.
However Republicans are a lot much less involved about local weather change than different People, analysis reveals. Just a few GOP legislators acknowledge that even gradual steps have to be taken. The 2 events are sharply cut up over such fundamental insurance policies as whether or not to mandate reductions in greenhouse gasoline emissions.
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Solely 18% of the international coverage professionals in our survey who foresee a significant local weather initiative by 2022 suppose that it is going to be bipartisan.
Dina Smeltz, a senior fellow on the Chicago Council on International Affairs, contributed to the researching and writing of this text.