eople suggested to protect in the course of the first wave of the pandemic have been eight instances extra more likely to get Covid-19 and 5 instances as more likely to die following an infection than the overall inhabitants, a examine has indicated.
Researchers additionally stated folks deemed at average threat from the virus because of well being situations like diabetes have been 4 instances extra more likely to have confirmed infections than the low-risk group, and 5 instances extra more likely to die following confirmed an infection.
The examine, led by the College of Glasgow and printed within the journal Scientific Stories, additionally confirmed that folks aged 70 and over accounted for nearly half (49.55%) of deaths in a Scottish well being board.
The analysis – Comparability of Covid-19 outcomes amongst shielded and non-shielded populations – checked out sufferers suggested to self-isolate for an prolonged interval in NHS Better Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC) between March and Could final 12 months.
The examine checked out knowledge from greater than 1.3 million sufferers registered with GP practices in NHSGGC, of which 27,747 had been suggested to protect, with an additional 353,085 classed as medium threat because of well being situations.
The authors discovered that, in contrast with the remaining 934,239 folks classed as low threat, folks suggested to protect have been eight instances extra more likely to get contaminated and 5 instances extra more likely to die after confirmed an infection.
Professor Jill Pell, director of the College of Glasgow’s Institute of Well being and Wellbeing, stated: “Our examine highlights that to successfully defend high-risk people, shielding must be used alongside different population-wide measures equivalent to bodily distancing, face coverings and hand hygiene.
“Our examine additionally confirmed that shielding could also be of restricted worth in decreasing burden on well being providers as a result of, regardless of the shielding technique, high-risk people have been at elevated threat of loss of life.
“We consider that, to be efficient as a inhabitants technique, shielding standards would have wanted to be broadly expanded to incorporate different standards, such because the aged.”
Within the shielded group, there have been 299 (1.1%) confirmed infections and 140 (0.51%) deaths.
Within the moderate-risk group, there have been 1,859 (0.53%) confirmed infections and 803 (0.23%) deaths, and within the low-risk group, there have been 1,190 (0.13%) confirmed infections and 84 (0.01%) deaths, researchers stated.