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COVID-19 and Your Well being

Many situations and coverings can weaken an individual’s immune system (making them “immunocompromised”). A few of these embrace:

  • Most cancers
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Strong organ transplant
  • Stem cells for most cancers remedy
  • Genetic immune deficiencies
  • HIV
  • Use of oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines known as immunosuppressants that decrease the physique’s capacity to struggle some infections (e.g., mycophenolate, sirolimus, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, etanercept, rituximab)

Danger of Extreme Sickness from COVID- 19

Folks with weakened immune techniques are at larger danger of getting severely sick from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. They might additionally stay infectious for an extended time period than others with COVID-19, however we can not affirm this till we be taught extra about this new virus.

Forestall COVID-19

If you’re immunocompromised, one of the best ways to forestall COVID-19 is to keep away from being uncovered to this virus. For particulars, see CDC’s recommendation for what you are able to do to arrange for COVID-19 and the best way to shield your self and others.

  • Wash your fingers typically with cleaning soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds particularly after you might have been in a public place, or after blowing your nostril, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If cleaning soap and water should not available, use a hand sanitizer that accommodates a minimum of 60% alcohol. Cowl all surfaces of your fingers and rub them collectively till they really feel dry.
  • Keep away from leaving house as a lot as potential and follow social distancing.
    • For those who should depart house, keep away from different folks as a lot as potential by practising social distancing. Keep a distance of a minimum of 6 ft (2 meters) between you and folks outdoors your family.
    • Keep away from giant gatherings or locations the place folks congregate.
    • Have provides, meals, and drugs delivered to your private home.
  • Cowl your mouth and nostril with a material face protecting when round others to guard different folks in case you’re contaminated, and ask others to do the identical.
    • Keep in mind, do NOT place material face coverings on kids youthful than 2 years outdated, anybody who has hassle respiratory, or anybody who’s unconscious, incapacitated or in any other case unable to take away the quilt with out help.
  • Clear AND disinfect ceaselessly touched surfaces. This consists of tables, doorknobs, mild switches, counter tops, handles, desks, telephones, keyboards, bathrooms, taps, and sinks.

Steps You Can Take to Shield Your Well being

  • Proceed your common remedy plan. Don’t cease any medicines or therapies with out speaking to your physician.
    • Focus on any considerations about your remedy together with your physician.
    • Hold your commonly scheduled medical appointments.
      • Discuss to your physician about steps they’re taking to cut back danger of publicity to COVID-19 within the workplace.
      • Use telehealth providers at any time when potential if beneficial by your physician.
    • Guarantee that you’re getting mandatory assessments prescribed by your physician.
    • Search pressing medical care if you’re feeling unwell.
  • Discuss to your physician, insurer, and pharmacist about getting an emergency provide of prescription medicines. Ensure you have a minimum of 30 days of prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, and provides readily available in case you want or need to keep house for a number of weeks. Discuss to your physician or pharmacist about methods to obtain your medicines by mail.
  • Take steps to care in your emotional well being. Worry and nervousness about COVID-19 could be overwhelming and trigger robust feelings. It’s pure to really feel involved or confused about COVID-19. Study extra about stress and dealing with nervousness right here. Name your healthcare supplier if stress will get in the way in which of your each day actions for a number of days in a row.
  • If you’re feeling overwhelmed with feelings like unhappiness, melancholy, or nervousness, or really feel such as you need to hurt your self or others:

Therapy of COVID-19

  • Right now, there isn’t any Meals and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved remedy for COVID-19. There isn’t any vaccine to forestall COVID-19. Therapy is presently aimed toward relieving signs, and for hospitalized sufferers, supporting very important organ perform throughout extreme sickness.

Further Data for Particular Circumstances & Danger Components

You probably have most cancers or have survived most cancers

You probably have most cancers now or had most cancers previously, you may have to take particular steps to guard your well being:

  • Chemotherapy is a crucial device to deal with most cancers. Though some varieties of chemotherapy can weaken the immune system, most cancers sufferers and survivors ought to proceed to take their chemotherapy as directed by their physician.
  • Don’t change your most cancers remedy plan with out discussing it together with your physician.
  • Be careful for fever. Take your temperature any time you are feeling heat, flushed, chilled, very fatigued, or not properly. Name your physician immediately when you have a temperature of 100.4ºF (38ºC) or larger.
  • Discover out out of your physician when your white blood cell rely is more likely to the be the bottom, since that is if you’re most in danger for an infection.
    • If you need to go to the emergency room, inform the individual checking you in that you’re a most cancers affected person present process chemotherapy. Fever throughout chemotherapy remedy is a medical emergency and you have to be seen rapidly.
  • Focus on any considerations about your chemotherapy or different most cancers therapies together with your oncologist and first healthcare supplier.
  • Study extra about Forms of Most cancers, Danger Components and Screening for Most cancers and Stopping Infections whereas present process remedy for most cancers.

You probably have had a bone marrow transplant, strong organ transplant, or stem cells for most cancers remedy

For those who take medicines that weaken your immune system, known as immunosuppressant medicines:

  • Don’t change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering drugs may cause severe well being issues.

For those who have been born with immune deficiencies

Some individuals are born with or develop immune deficiencies resulting from genetics. Examples embrace widespread variable immune deficiency, selective IgA deficiency, extreme mixed immunodeficiency, continual granulomatous illness, and complement deficiencies.

  • For those who take medicines to assist increase your immune system, don’t change or cease them with out speaking to your physician.

You probably have HIV

The danger of significant sickness from COVID-19 for folks with HIV just isn’t but identified. You probably have HIV and a low CD4 cell rely or should not on HIV remedy, you could be at larger danger for extreme sickness from COVID-19.

If you’re utilizing oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines that decrease your immune system’s response

Some medical situations are handled with medicines that may weaken the immune system; these medicines are known as immunosuppressants. Widespread medical situations which might be typically handled with immunosuppressants embrace rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel illness.

  • Don’t change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering drugs may cause severe well being issues.

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