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Coronavirus Illness 2019 (COVID-19)

Many situations and coverings can weaken an individual’s immune system (making them “immunocompromised”). A few of these embody:

  • Most cancers
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Strong organ transplant
  • Stem cells for most cancers remedy
  • Genetic immune deficiencies
  • HIV
  • Use of oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines known as immunosuppressants that decrease the physique’s skill to struggle some infections (e.g., mycophenolate, sirolimus, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, etanercept, rituximab)

Threat of Extreme Sickness from COVID- 19

Individuals with weakened immune techniques are at greater danger of getting severely sick from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. They might additionally stay infectious for an extended time period than others with COVID-19, however we can not affirm this till we be taught extra about this new virus.

Stop COVID-19

If you’re immunocompromised, one of the simplest ways to forestall COVID-19 is to keep away from being uncovered to this virus. For particulars, see CDC’s recommendation for what you are able to do to arrange for COVID-19 and methods to shield your self and others.

  • Wash your palms usually with cleaning soap and water for at the least 20 seconds particularly after you will have been in a public place, or after blowing your nostril, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If cleaning soap and water should not available, use a hand sanitizer that accommodates at the least 60% alcohol. Cowl all surfaces of your palms and rub them collectively till they really feel dry.
  • Keep away from leaving residence as a lot as potential and follow social distancing.
    • Should you should depart residence, keep away from different individuals as a lot as potential by practising social distancing. Preserve a distance of at the least 6 ft (2 meters) between you and folks outdoors your family.
    • Keep away from massive gatherings or locations the place individuals congregate.
    • Have provides, meals, and medication delivered to your property.
  • Cowl your mouth and nostril with a fabric face masking when round others to guard different individuals in case you might be contaminated, and ask others to do the identical.
    • Keep in mind, do NOT place fabric face coverings on youngsters youthful than 2 years outdated, anybody who has hassle respiration, or anybody who’s unconscious, incapacitated or in any other case unable to take away the duvet with out help.
  • Clear AND disinfect incessantly touched surfaces. This consists of tables, doorknobs, gentle switches, counter tops, handles, desks, telephones, keyboards, bathrooms, taps, and sinks.

Steps You Can Take to Defend Your Well being

  • Proceed your common remedy plan. Don’t cease any drugs or remedies with out speaking to your physician.
    • Focus on any considerations about your remedy along with your physician.
    • Maintain your often scheduled medical appointments.
      • Speak to your physician about steps they’re taking to scale back danger of publicity to COVID-19 within the workplace.
      • Use telehealth companies each time potential if beneficial by your physician.
    • Guarantee that you’re getting mandatory checks prescribed by your physician.
    • Search pressing medical care if you’re feeling unwell.
  • Speak to your physician, insurer, and pharmacist about getting an emergency provide of prescription drugs. Be sure to have at the least 30 days of prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, and provides readily available in case you want or wish to keep residence for a number of weeks. Speak to your physician or pharmacist about methods to obtain your drugs by mail.
  • Take steps to care on your emotional well being. Worry and nervousness about COVID-19 could be overwhelming and trigger sturdy feelings. It’s pure to really feel involved or burdened about COVID-19. Be taught extra about stress and dealing with nervousness right here. Name your healthcare supplier if stress will get in the way in which of your day by day actions for a number of days in a row.
  • If you’re feeling overwhelmed with feelings like disappointment, melancholy, or nervousness, or really feel such as you wish to hurt your self or others:

Therapy of COVID-19

  • Presently, there isn’t any Meals and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved remedy for COVID-19. There isn’t a vaccine to forestall COVID-19. Therapy is at the moment geared toward relieving signs, and for hospitalized sufferers, supporting important organ perform throughout extreme sickness.

Further Info for Particular Situations & Threat Elements

When you’ve got most cancers or have survived most cancers

When you’ve got most cancers now or had most cancers prior to now, you may have to take particular steps to guard your well being:

  • Chemotherapy is a crucial instrument to deal with most cancers. Though some sorts of chemotherapy can weaken the immune system, most cancers sufferers and survivors ought to proceed to take their chemotherapy as directed by their physician.
  • Don’t change your most cancers remedy plan with out discussing it along with your physician.
  • Be careful for fever. Take your temperature any time you’re feeling heat, flushed, chilled, very fatigued, or not effectively. Name your physician immediately when you have a temperature of 100.4ºF (38ºC) or greater.
  • Discover out out of your physician when your white blood cell depend is more likely to the be the bottom, since that is whenever you’re most in danger for an infection.
    • If you need to go to the emergency room, inform the particular person checking you in that you’re a most cancers affected person present process chemotherapy. Fever throughout chemotherapy remedy is a medical emergency and you have to be seen rapidly.
  • Focus on any considerations about your chemotherapy or different most cancers remedies along with your oncologist and first healthcare supplier.
  • Be taught extra about Forms of Most cancers, Threat Elements and Screening for Most cancers and Stopping Infections whereas present process remedy for most cancers.

When you’ve got had a bone marrow transplant, strong organ transplant, or stem cells for most cancers remedy

Should you take drugs that weaken your immune system, known as immunosuppressant drugs:

  • Don’t change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering medication may cause critical well being issues.

Should you have been born with immune deficiencies

Some individuals are born with or develop immune deficiencies because of genetics. Examples embody widespread variable immune deficiency, selective IgA deficiency, extreme mixed immunodeficiency, continual granulomatous illness, and complement deficiencies.

  • Should you take medicines to assist enhance your immune system, don’t change or cease them with out speaking to your physician.

When you’ve got HIV

The danger of great sickness from COVID-19 for individuals with HIV just isn’t but recognized. When you’ve got HIV and a low CD4 cell depend or should not on HIV remedy, you could be at greater danger for extreme sickness from COVID-19.

If you’re utilizing oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines that decrease your immune system’s response

Some medical situations are handled with drugs that may weaken the immune system; these medicines are known as immunosuppressants. Widespread medical situations which are generally handled with immunosuppressants embody rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel illness.

  • Don’t change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering medication may cause critical well being issues.

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