Framework: Group mitigation methods to scale back or stop COVID-19 transmission in america are described in CDC’s framework for Implementation of Mitigation Methods For Communities with Native COVID-19 Transmission. The implementation framework describes the present objectives, guiding ideas, and mitigation methods to scale back or stop native COVID-19 transmission.
Method: This web page describes CDC’s strategy to evaluating group mitigation methods and gives overarching issues to help state, territorial, or native well being departments, tribal well being organizations, or others in monitoring and evaluating COVID-19 group mitigation methods, together with a logic mannequin, urged monitoring and analysis questions, and potential knowledge sources. The strategy considers outcomes that reduce COVID-19 morbidity and related mortality, results of group mitigation methods on long-standing well being disparities and social determinants of well being, and the way communities thrive socially, emotionally, and economically.
Monitoring and analysis findings can be utilized to:
- Inform decision-making about strengthening, focusing, and stress-free mitigation methods
- Perceive particular person and group components that help or hinder mitigation behaviors
- Monitor disparities and social determinants of well being and perceive how totally different populations take part in and are affected by group mitigation methods
- Successfully talk info to the general public based mostly on culturally and linguistically applicable methods
- Be sure that the wants of disproportionately affected populations are met
- Strengthen group components and outcomes associated to epidemiology, healthcare capability, social companies, and public well being capability
- Disseminate classes discovered
Logic Mannequin: This logic mannequin presents the U.S. Group Mitigation Technique for COVID-19 at a excessive degree and acknowledges that many alternative stakeholders are engaged on particular components of this technique.
Roles: Governments, organizations, and people help and promote group mitigation methods throughout a number of settings and sectors, whereas paying particular consideration to disproportionately affected populations.
Group mitigation methods. Layering methods throughout settings and sectors the place folks dwell, work, be taught, and collect gives higher safeguards to scale back transmission. These methods could also be strengthened, centered, or relaxed based mostly on native context. Via particular person, group, and environmental actions, group mitigation methods are carried out that:
- promote behaviors that stop unfold,
- preserve wholesome environments,
- preserve wholesome operations, and
- put together for when somebody will get sick;
And are designed to supply outcomes that:
- scale back publicity amongst people,
- scale back transmission,
- scale back burden on the well being care system and improve entry to testing and speak to tracing,
- with the long-term objectives of minimizing COVID-19 morbidity and related mortality.
Outcomes: Attaining these outcomes are important to making sure that communities thrive socially, emotionally, and economically. Working in collaboration, entities at federal, state and native ranges can monitor and consider social, emotional, and financial indicators which will embody: monetary, meals, and housing safety; healthcare entry and utilization (similar to care in search of behaviors); bodily and psychological well being; and group security and violence with particular consideration and a spotlight to disproportionately affected populations.
Questions: The next overarching monitoring and analysis questions will be tailored to fulfill group priorities and stakeholder wants.
Indicators and Knowledge Sources: Indicators and knowledge sources will be tailor-made to align with the context of the supposed analysis. All indicators and knowledge sources used for monitoring and analysis of group mitigation methods must be prime quality and must be collected ethically (e.g., with respect for individuals, privateness, confidentiality) and scientifically (e.g.., with regard to validity, reliability, and representativeness). When out there, use knowledge sources with a number of time-points out there for comparability. Indicators could also be analyzed total or to have a look at particular subgroups (e.g., city vs. rural, by racial/ethnic inhabitants, socioeconomic teams, and so forth.). The next desk gives a choose variety of instance indicators and potential knowledge sources and isn’t an exhaustive listing. Think about knowledge sources that finest meet your monitoring and analysis wants and consult with CDC’s COVID-19 Secondary Knowledge and Statistics for publicly out there knowledge sources. CDC doesn’t endorse any non-CDC knowledge sources.
Instance analysis questions
Which group mitigation methods do jurisdictions implement, and the way and when are they carried out?