Burden of Illness: Impression of a well being final result or illness on a inhabitants.
Case Definition: Set of standards for figuring out if an individual has a specific illness or different well being situation.
Chain of An infection: Hyperlinks of an infection from individual to individual.
Chart Abstraction: Recording info from sufferers’ medical information, together with demographic information (age, race/ethnicity, intercourse), in addition to signs, remedies, and well being outcomes.
Neighborhood Transmission: Unfold of illness from individual to individual in a group
Contact: Somebody was bodily near an individual who was doubtlessly infectious with a pathogen.
Contact Tracing: A technique for slowing the unfold of illness wherein public well being employees talk with infectious individuals to determine their contacts. They then observe up with these contacts to supply steerage on how you can quarantine themselves and what to do in the event that they develop signs of illness.
Knowledge Visualization: Show of knowledge in footage, charts, and graphics to make the info simpler to grasp and use.
Epidemiologic (Epi) Curve: Graphic illustration of what has occurred with a illness reminiscent of adjustments within the variety of circumstances, hospitalizations, or deaths over time.
Epidemiological (Epi) Hyperlink: Attribute that hyperlinks two circumstances, reminiscent of shut contact between two individuals or a typical publicity.
Epidemiological Mannequin: Mathematical illustration that predicts the place, how lengthy, and the way far a illness will unfold.
Publicity: Contact with a one thing that causes sickness. Within the case of an infectious illness, this represents interplay with a human, animal, or atmosphere from which the pathogen might be transmitted.
Incidence: Variety of individuals in a inhabitants who develop a illness or different well being final result over a time frame.
Infectious Illness: One thing that causes an an infection that may result in a illness.
Line Checklist: Desk containing a listing of individuals with a selected illness or exposures.
Nationally Notifiable Illness: Illness that healthcare suppliers should report back to state or native well being departments.
Nationwide Notifiable Ailments Surveillance System (NNDSS): Multifaceted program utilized by round 3,000 public well being departments that features a surveillance system that displays over 100 illnesses.
Public Well being Surveillance: Systematic assortment, evaluation, and interpretation of well being information.
Prevalence: Variety of individuals in a inhabitants who’ve a illness or different well being final result at one time limit.
Self-quarantine: Staying away from others whereas monitoring oneself for indicators of sickness.