Coronavirus Illness 2019 (COVID-19)
Coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) is attributable to a brand new coronavirus first recognized in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. As a result of it’s a new virus, scientists are studying extra every day. Though most individuals who’ve COVID-19 have gentle signs, COVID-19 may trigger extreme sickness and even demise. Some teams, together with older adults and individuals who have sure underlying medical circumstances, are at elevated danger of extreme sickness.
In regards to the Identify
On February 11, 2020, the World Well being Group introduced an official identify for the illness that’s inflicting the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak. The brand new identify of this illness is coronavirus illness 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for illness. Previously, this illness was known as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV.”
Supply of the Virus
Coronaviruses, named for the crown-like spikes on their surfaces, are a big household of viruses which can be frequent in folks and many various species of animals, together with camels, cattle, cats, and bats. There are various kinds of human coronaviruses, together with some that generally trigger gentle upper-respiratory tract sicknesses. COVID-19 is a brand new illness, attributable to a novel (or new) coronavirus that has not beforehand been seen in people.
SARS-CoV-2 virus is a beta coronavirus, like MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV. All three of those viruses have their origins in bats. The sequences from U.S. sufferers are just like the one which China initially posted, suggesting a probable single, latest emergence of this virus from an animal reservoir. Nonetheless, the precise supply of this virus has not been recognized.