College nurses and different healthcare personnel (HCP) play an necessary function in opening faculties and baby care applications for in-person studying and different in-person actions and conserving them open in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. College nurses and different HCP will seemingly be evaluating youngsters for signs or exposures, aiding directors and lecturers in implementing mitigation methods, aiding with contact tracing, sustaining school-based clinics, aiding in school-based testing methods, and supporting college students, households, and employees. The data and sources beneath may also help in performing these new roles and duties in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. Assets for self-care are additionally included.
COVID-19 and Kids
Whereas fewer youngsters had been reported to have COVID-19 in contrast with adults in the USA in the course of the pandemic, the variety of youngsters and adolescents with COVID-19 has been growing since early within the pandemic. Kids might be contaminated with the virus that causes COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2), can get sick with COVID-19, and might unfold the virus to others. Most kids contaminated with the virus that causes COVID-19 have gentle signs and a few don’t have any signs in any respect. Some youngsters can get severely sick from COVID-19, which implies they may require hospitalization, intensive care, a ventilator, or would possibly even die. The signs of COVID-19 are related in adults and youngsters and might appear like different frequent sicknesses, like colds, strep throat, influenza, or allergic reactions. For extra details about influenza, go to Influenza Data for Well being Professionals and The Distinction Between Flu and COVID-19.
Kids with underlying medical situations are at elevated danger for extreme sickness from COVID-19. Moreover, some youngsters might develop the uncommon however critical situation related to COVID-19 referred to as Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Kids (MIS-C). For extra data, go to Pediatric Healthcare Suppliers.
Mitigation Methods for Faculties and Little one Care Settings
Mitigation methods ought to be layered, utilizing many on the identical time, to stop the unfold of the virus that causes COVID-19. The important thing mitigation methods for faculties are:
For data on defending faculty employees, go to Defending College Workers from COVID-19.
Quarantine, Isolation, Symptom Screening, and Testing for Kids
Quarantine and isolation are public well being practices used to stop publicity to individuals who have or might have a contagious illness. Quarantine retains somebody who was uncovered to the virus away from others at some point of the incubation interval (14 days), and isolation retains somebody who’s contaminated with the virus away from others for the length the infectious interval (10 days). One of the best ways to guard your self and others is to keep dwelling for 14 days for those who suppose you’ve been uncovered to somebody who has COVID-19. Test your native well being division’s web site for details about choices in your space to probably shorten this quarantine interval.
CDC doesn’t presently advocate that faculties conduct symptom screenings for college students, however dad and mom or caregivers ought to be strongly inspired to watch their youngsters for indicators of infectious sickness every single day. College students who’re sick shouldn’t attend faculty in-person. For extra data on symptom screening, what to do if a pupil has signs of COVID-19, and when that pupil can return to in-person faculty, go to Symptom Screening in Faculties.
CDC recommends testing for individuals with any indicators or signs of COVID-19 and for all shut contacts of individuals with COVID-19. For extra data, go to Overview of Testing for HCP, data for Pediatric Healthcare Suppliers, and Concerns for Testing in Ok-12 Faculties.
Contact Tracing in Faculties
Contact tracing is crucial to stop the unfold of the virus that causes COVID-19. Contact tracing is the method of notifying individuals (contacts) of their potential publicity to the virus that causes COVID-19, offering details about the virus, offering directions for quarantine and symptom monitoring, and referring to testing, scientific companies, and different companies as wanted. College nurses and different HCP in faculties and baby care settings could also be requested to assist directors and public well being officers with contact tracing. For extra data, go to Case Investigation and Contact Tracing in Faculties and focus on along with your public well being officers.
An infection Prevention Suggestions for College Nurses and Different HCP Offering Care
College nurses and different HCP in faculties and baby care settings ought to comply with the An infection Prevention and Management Suggestions for Healthcare Personnel when offering direct affected person care.
- Nurses and different HCP ought to use all really useful private protecting tools (PPE) when offering direct care to somebody with confirmed or suspected COVID-19, together with use of N95, or equal respirator (or face masks if unavailable), robe, gloves, and eye safety.
- Along with following commonplace precautions like hand hygiene and disinfection, nurses and different HCP ought to use a facemask and eye safety when caring for college students who should not suspected to be have COVID-19 when there’s average or substantial group transmission. Facemasks are most popular over fabric masks for all HCP.
- If there are shortages of PPE, nurses and different HCP ought to assessment CDC’s steerage for Optimizing PPE Provides and might think about using the identical respirator or facemask all through your entire shift.
- For data on the way to safely placed on and take off PPE, go to Utilizing PPE.
- For data on what to do if a nurse or different HCP is uncovered to an individual with the virus that causes COVID-19, go to Steerage for Threat Evaluation and Work Restrictions for HCP. For data on when a nurse or HCP can return to work after having COVID-19, go to Return to Work for HCP.
- For data on offering nebulizer therapies in faculties and different issues for bronchial asthma therapies in faculties, go to FAQs for Faculties.
Offering Providers in Clinic and Via Telehealth
For nurses and different HCP working in clinics that present in-person companies, go to Get your Clinic Prepared for COVID-19. For nurses and HCP offering telehealth companies, go to Utilizing Telehealth in the course of the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Supporting College students and Workers
College employees and different trusted adults can play an necessary function in serving to youngsters make sense of what they hear in a manner that’s sincere, correct, and minimizes nervousness or worry. For suggestions and dialogue subjects, go to Speaking to Kids about COVID-19. CDC has extra sources like Serving to Kids Cope and Assist for Teenagers.
The pandemic has been annoying for many individuals. For toolkits and extra sources for adults, go to Stress and Coping and How Proper Nowexterior icon. For details about dealing with stress for workers within the office, go to Dealing with Stress for Workers and Managing Office Fatigue Throughout COVID-19.
Self-Take care of Nurses and different Healthcare Personnel
Offering care to others in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic can result in stress, nervousness, worry, and different robust feelings. The way you address these feelings can have an effect on your well-being, the care you give to others whereas doing all of your job, and the well-being of the individuals you care about outdoors of labor. For data on dealing with stress in the course of the pandemic, go to HCP and First Responders: Tips on how to Address Stress. For nurses and different HCP who’re experiencing stress and burnout, the Nationwide Disaster Assist Hotlines and Directoriespdf iconexterior icon has sources that may assist. For extra data on self-care, view the Self-Take care of Healthcare Staff Modulespdf iconexterior icon.
For issues on sustaining each day life in the course of the pandemic, go to Every day Actions.
For the most recent data on COVID-19 from CDC, go to CDC’s COVID-19 Web site.