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As Covid loss of life toll soars ever increased, Sweden wonders who in charge


“Thanks for reminding me,” Sweden’s state epidemiologist Anders Tegnell replied deadpan when the Observer requested in late March how he dealt with the information that he could be in charge if Sweden’s resolution to forego a lockdown had been to go badly improper.

“However critically,” he continued, “I would appear to be a figurehead however businesses in Sweden are very a lot working as an entire. This isn’t one thing I determine alone in my workplace each morning.”

The message was clear. He didn’t assume he could be held accountable if the light-touch Covid-19 regime related along with his identify failed.

On Friday, as Sweden recorded 9,654 new circumstances and 100 deaths, the nation’s prime minister, Stefan Löfven, instructed he is perhaps proper.

“This variety of casualties – after all we wished to keep away from that. It’s nothing that you simply wish to see,” he stated, saying the tip to Sweden’s lengthy hold-out in opposition to recommending face masks. “However … the duty right here is just not really easy, to level at precisely one particular person [and say] ‘you’re accountable’.”

When Tegnell briefed Boris Johnson on the finish of September, it nonetheless appeared attainable that the excessive unfold of an infection in Sweden within the spring would possibly grant sufficient immunity to make a second wave simpler to regulate.

Now these hopes have been dashed, with the extent of recent day by day circumstances, hospitalisations and deaths as soon as once more far above that seen within the nation’s Nordic neighbours, Dr Tegnell and his former boss Johan Giesecke are now not granted close to day by day interviews from herd immunity advocates within the British and US media.



Anders Tegnell, state epidemiologist on the Public Well being Company of Sweden. {Photograph}: Pontus Lundahl/AFP/Getty Pictures

However the shift in opinion inside Sweden is much more marked. That is partly as a result of failure of Tegnell’s Public Well being Company to anticipate the severity of the second wave, partly because of damning stories from the nation’s well being watchdog and coronavirus fee, and partly because of a extra important media.

Even the nation’s king, Carl XVI Gustaf, described the nation’s dealing with of the pandemic as “a failure” within the royals’ Christmas evaluation of the 12 months.

“Opinion in Sweden has actually modified: there’s a broad criticism of the technique and [a sense] that now we have actually failed,” stated Jenny Madestam, an affiliate professor in politics at Stockholm’s Södertorn College.

In March and April, the media tended to defend moderately than criticise the authorities, with dissident researchers who raised the alarm firstly of April branded “corona scandal-mongers” and “a disgrace for Sweden”, within the debate pages.

Eva Burman, chief editor for the regional Eskilstuna-Kuriren newspaper, remembers how its surprising revelations in Might about how aged folks in care houses had been being denied hospital therapy had been ignored.

“That story by no means received revealed within the different papers: I feel that possibly it was such a giant story that they couldn’t take it in. They thought it may not be true,” she stated. “I don’t know why the Swedish media have been so gradual in asking important questions.”

However, in line with Marina Ghersetti, an affiliate professor of journalism at Gothenburg College, that is typical of how the Swedish media operates in a disaster. “It is a sample we’ve seen earlier than. To start with, when every little thing is unsure and chaotic, the main focus is … on transmitting the knowledge that public authorities give to media, with out actually questioning that data very a lot,” she stated.

“A attainable rationalization for that is that even these within the media share the massive confidence now we have in public authorities.”

It is just as soon as the state of affairs turns into extra steady that the Swedish media – nearly as one – turns into important and begins to research. “We now have this expression, ‘herd behaviour’, a kind of consensus: when one particular person actually begins to scrutinise and examine, the others additionally achieve this,” stated Ghersetti.

“Each massive newspaper, the radio, and tv, has actually began to dig into this, and never solely on the situations in aged houses, but additionally into the technique.”

This month, Sweden’s well being and social care inspectorate reported “critical shortcomings” within the therapy of the aged, confirming Burman’s paper’s story.

Sweden’s loss of life fee

As few as one in 20 suspected coronavirus sufferers had bodily seen a health care provider. A number of areas had issued tips ordering that no care house residents ought to obtain hospital therapy for any sickness or harm in any respect. Some medical doctors had really useful palliative care with out even affected person data.

Then first report from the nation’s coronavirus fee, launched on Tuesday, levelled scathing criticism each on the authorities and the Public Well being Company, saying that they had “failed” to protect the aged.

Regardless of a really slender remit, limiting it to investigating deaths in care houses, the fee criticised the technique, arguing that “the only most necessary issue behind … the excessive variety of deaths in residential care is the general unfold of the virus within the society”.

Public confidence in Tegnell has now fallen to 59%, the bottom degree because the pandemic started, in line with an Ipsos ballot final week. In October he loved the assist of 72% of respondents.

Requested whether or not she or anybody else ought to resign, well being minister Lena Hallengren pointed to how fragmented Sweden’s well being system is. Duty for day-to-day healthcare rests with the 21 areas, for aged care with the municipalities. The opposition events, she added, had supported the technique throughout the spring and summer time.

“It could be simple to say, ‘it’s me, or it’s him or it’s her’, however we’re in the midst of a pandemic, and to attempt to make this extraordinarily simple answer [demanding resignations], which isn’t an answer and doesn’t give us a greater aged care sector, I don’t know.”

However each Burman and Madestam, stated resignations would come ultimately, with Madestam predicting that Tegnell’s boss, Johan Carlson, who is because of retire in October, would possibly step down.

“We haven’t seen the tip of this,” Burman agreed. “I feel Christmas goes to carry a fair steeper curve, and we’re going to have much more deaths. I feel somebody should resign. In any other case, we’re sending a really sturdy sign out to our society that nobody takes duty.”



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